Sep 24, 2016
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Kathin and Loy Krathong Festivals (The case of Thailand)

লিখেছেন:

Kathin :

royal-barge-procession

Photo by Frans.Vanderlee, Royal Kathin Ceremony

When  Buddhism  was  first  established,  the  number  of  monks  and  nuns  was  relatively  small.  Originally, monks  did   not  stay  at  any  one  particular  place.  Most  of  the  time,  they  moved  around  the  country  in  their  mission  to  spread  the  teachings  of  the  Buddha  for  the  happiness  and  welfare  of  the  entire  population. During the rainy season, when the country experienced heavy and frequent rainfalls, things were quite difficult for them and their travels were often impeded or interrupted. In this season, the farmers also cultivated their land and grew crops. The Buddha allowed his disciples to remain stationed in a specific place temporarily and to stop wandering during this time. It was   called   V ASSA or Rains Retreat. It begins on the 15th   day of the waxing moon of the 8th Lunar   Month and ends on the 1st Lunar Month (approximately July through October). All Buddhist monks and fully ordained nuns in all parts of the world have to ordained the Rains Retreat during this period, though in certain countries the custom has been modified. In the countries of southeast Asia, where Buddhist monks and nuns live, after three months of Retreat observance, people have a very grand festival of offering food to the monks in various monasteries. At the same time, they prepare special yellow robes which are offered to the Sangha. This special yellow robe offering is called the kathin offering ceremony. It can be done only during the period from the end of the Retreat to the first day of the waning moon of the 12 the Lunar month.

Loy Krathong :

Krathong

Photo by Hartfried Schmid, Loy Krathong

At the end of the kathin festival season, when the rivers and canals are full of water, the Loy Krathong Festival takes place in all parts of Thailand on the full moon night of the Twelfth Lunar Month. The people who want to participate in this festival bring their bowls made of leaves (which contain flowers), candles and incense sticks, as well as some food and coins to the appointed places. Everyone lights candles and incense sticks in his or her Krathong and then makes a wish and floats the Krathong gently on the surface of the rivers, streams, ponds or canals. The traditional practice of Loy Krathong was meant to worship and pay homage to the holy Footprint of the Buddha on the beach of the NAMADA River in India. It was originally a Brahmanical rite whereby Hindus gave thanks to the Mother (goddess) of the Ganges River which is their source of life and vigor in their country. It is said that in Thai literature of the Sukhothai period, Nang Nophamas, a virtuous lady in the court of king Ruang, was skilled in the art of making beautiful krathongs for the occasion. The season of Loy krathongs is important not only for its religious aspect, but also for development of artistic crafts and social bonding. It offers a good opportunity for people from different areas and for boys and girls to meet one another. These festivals have been observed from the sukhothai period to the present time.

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বৌদ্ধদের আরো তথ্য ও সংবাদ পেতে হলে আমাদের ফেসবুক ফ্যান পেইজে লাইক দিয়ে সংযুক্ত থাকুন।: www.facebook.com/buddhisttimes

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এখানে।
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দি বুড্ডিস্ট টাইমস.কম একটি স্বতন্ত্র ইন্টারনেট মিডিয়া। এখানে বৌদ্ধদের দৈনন্দিন জীবনের বিষয়গুলোকেই তুলে আনার চেষ্টা করা হয়। পাশাপাশি যে কেহ লিখতে পারেন দি বুড্ডিস্ট টাইমস এ।

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